The Solitary Bees

June 4, 2024 Uncategorized

Bees pollinate our food crops, and although we always imagine them building their hives, 90% of bee species are solitary and live in forests and gardens. They are harmless and do not have stingers because they do not have a hive to protect.

Feeding and Life Cycle

Like honey-producing bees, solitary bees also feed on pollen and nectar; they visit specific plant species and only live as long as they find their favorite flowers, lasting from a few days to a month. Then they nest; all females are fertile and look for holes, conditioning them by leaving pollen and nectar to deposit their eggs. They then seal it with wax, straw, or small pieces of leaves to isolate the larva while it develops. Once it can fly, it comes out to repeat the cycle.

Resting Habits

Since solitary bees don’t have hives, they sleep among the flowers and wake up in the mornings covered in dew. I love finding them still asleep, perhaps dreaming, because I see them tremble, brushing their tiny hairs, and shaking for a few seconds before returning to sleep.

Threats and Conservation

Deforestation, insecticides, and non-native flower gardens put them at risk.

How Can We Protect Them?

It’s very simple: plant native flowers and trees, do not remove dead logs, and allow bees to nest in the bark. You can also help by building houses for them with bamboo branches, drilling holes in pieces of wood, or placing bricks with holes in your garden. When you notice they are coming, you will find some sealed holes, which means a tiny bee is growing inside.


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